Renewable energy, often known as clean energy, is produced from natural sources or processes that are continually refreshed. Despite the fact that their availability is based on time and weather, sunlight and wind, for example, they continue to shine and blow.
While harnessing the power of nature is frequently considered a novel technology, it has long been used for heating, transportation, and lighting. The wind has powered ships and grain mills across oceans. The sun has provided warmth throughout day and aided in the lighting of flames that have lasted late into the evening. However, during the last 500 years or so, humanity has become increasingly reliant on harmful and less expensive energy sources such as coal and natural gas.
With growing concern for environmental change and global warming, renewables are becoming a more essential power source. Now that we have more inventive and less expensive ways to absorb and store wind and solar energy, renewable energy is growing at all scales, from residential rooftop solar panels that can sell power back to the grid to large offshore wind farms. Several rural settlements rely exclusively on renewable energy for heating and lighting.
Types of Renewable Energy Sources
Currently, the most common renewable energy sources are:
1. Wind Energy
The wind is a plentiful source of environmentally friendly electricity. Wind farms are becoming more common in Dubai, as wind power contributes more and more to the National Grid. Turbines can be used to drive generators, which subsequently input electricity into the National Grid, allowing wind energy to be captured. Despite the fact that household or “off-grid” generation solutions are available, not every home is suitable for a residential wind turbine.
2. Hydro Power
One of the most economically developed renewable energy sources is hydropower. By erecting a dam or barrier, a large reservoir can be used to create a regulated flow of water that will drive a turbine and generate power. This energy source is frequently more dependable than wind (especially if it’s tidal rather than river), and it also permits electricity to be stored for use when demand peaks. Hydro, like wind energy, can be more viable as a commercial energy source in some scenarios, but depending on the type of property, it can also be used for domestic, ‘off-grid generating.
3. Tidal Energy
Another type of hydro energy is tidal energy, which employs twice-daily tidal currents to power turbine turbines. Tidal flow is not constant, but it is highly predictable and can compensate when the tide current is low.
4. Geothermal energy
Geothermal energy can be utilized to heat homes or create electricity by utilizing the natural heat beneath the earth’s surface. Although it harnesses power directly beneath our feet, geothermal energy is of minor importance in Dubai when compared to nations where geothermal heat is abundant.
Although geothermal energy is not as popular as other renewable energy sources, it offers enormous energy supply potential. It has a little environmental footprint because it may be built underground. Because geothermal energy is regenerated spontaneously, it does not represent a threat of shortage.
5. Biomass Energy
This is the process of converting solid fuel from plants into electrical energy. Although biomass is basically a method of generating electricity by burning organic materials, it is now a much cleaner and more energy-efficient process. Biomass converts agricultural, industrial, and household waste into solid, liquid, and gas fuel at a far lower economic and environmental cost.
6. Solar Energy
Solar energy is produced by capturing sunlight’s radiant energy and converting it to heat, electricity, or hot water. Solar cells are used in photovoltaic (PV) systems to convert direct sunlight into electricity.
One of the advantages of solar energy is that it is virtually limitless. There is an infinite supply of solar energy with the capability to harvest it, which might make fossil fuels obsolete. Using solar energy instead of fossil fuels also helps to enhance public health and the environment. Solar energy has the potential to eliminate energy expenditures in the long run while also lowering your energy bills in the short term. Many local, state and federal governments offer rebates or tax credits to encourage people to invest in solar energy.
Although solar energy system will save you money in the long term, it comes at a high upfront cost that is out of reach for most families. Homeowners need plenty of sunlight and room to install solar panels in their homes, which limits who may adopt this technology on a personal basis.
If you are looking to buy a solar panel at affordable prices and cut your electrical bills? Then contact Wattz, the region’s first Solar Rooftop Energy supplier, founded to connect clients to the sun. Our experts will assist you with a home solar assessment to choose the best solar energy panel for your home and how to install it to lower your monthly energy bill.